Perennial bloom succession is most certainly something to look forward to throughout the growing season!
During the long winter months snuggled up in blankets, wandering mind produces dreams and visions of lush foliage, colourful flowers blooming and trailing vines. In February small signs of spring appear as the day slowly become longer only to be shunned as a cold wind hurts my skin. Like vines, these dreams entangle themselves into my cold reality as I long for the warmer days. Yet all the while knowing In my heart that they will come, I begin to plan the succession of blooms in my garden.
Luckily February is long passed and now at the end of May, each morning I wake to the reality that each day will bring something new on the balcony – the first true leaf of a seedling, a flower, a visiting beetle – there is always something new in the garden. Annuals provide constant flowers on the balcony and new & rapid growth, where perennials offer something different. Not all but many perennials have shorter blooming times and they have there own particular season of bloom.
Perennials also are for the patient gardener since many of them do not flower until the 2nd year. When they do it is spectacular, to say the least. Of course, any flower, in my opinion, is wonderous and beautiful. Usually, the third year brings such a proliferation of blooms and foliage that usually at the end of the season or the beginning of the 4th year they can be divided to create even more plants and blooms.
So even though February is cold and my patience becomes thinner, it gives me something to look forward in the same way that planting 1 or 2 perennials on the following list you can have something to look forward to throughout the gardening season. Here is the complete list that was prepared by the by the Council on the Environment of New York City which like Cluj it is in zones 5/6. By the way, of course, there are others that are quite successful but this is a great list to start from.
First Blooms of Spring
1. Primose (Primula sp.)
2. Candytuft (Iberis sempervirens)
3. Bleeding Heart (Dicentra spectabilis, Dicentra eximia)
4. Columbine (Aquilegia sp.)
5. Moss Pink (Phlox subulata)
6. Basket-of-Gold (Alyssum or Aurinia saxatile)
Mid Spring Flowers
7. German Bearded Iris (Iris sp.)
8. Siberian Iris (Iris sp.)
9. Tree Peony (Paeonia suffruticosa)
10. Peony (Paeonia lactiflora)
11. Coral Bells (Heuchera sanguinea)
12. Oriental Poppy (Papaver orintale)
13. Bellflower (Campanula sp.)
Later Spring Flowers
14. Astilbe (Astilbe sp.)
15. Lupine (Lupinus polyphyllus)
Early to Mid Summer Flowers
16. Daylilies (Hemerocallis sp.)
17. Phlox (Phlox paniculata)
18. Tickseed (Coreopsis lanceolata)
19. Gaillardia, Blanket Flower (Gaillardia x grandiflora)
20. Lily (Lilium regole, l. candidum, l. lancifolium)
21. Shasta Daisy (Chrysanthemum leucanthemum)
22. Rudbeckia (Rudbeckia sp.)
23. Red Hot Poker (Kniphofia sp. Aka Tritomia sp.)
24. Bee Balm (Monards sp.)
25. Delphinum (Delphiniym elatum, Delphinium x belladonna)
26. Balloon Flower (Platycodon grandiflorus)
27. Yarrow (Achillea sp.)
28. bugloss, Alkanet (Anchussa sp.)
29. Evening Primrose (Oenothera sp.)
Late Summer Flowers/Early Fall
30. Aster (Aster sp.)
31. Chrysanthemum (Chrysanthemum sp.)
32. Japanese Anemone (Anemone japonica)
33. Showy Sedum (Sedum sp.)
34. Hosta Plantain Lily (Hosta sp., H. sieboldiana)
35. Berfenia (Berginia lingulata)
36. Blue Fescue (Festuca species)
37. Pampas Grass (Cortaderia selloana)
38. Hardy Cactus (Opuntia phaeracantha)
39. Foxglove (Digitialis sp.) (biennial)
I would add many other varieties of coreopsis for certain, what about you, which perennial might you add to this list? Please comment below.
This article written by Amy Adams was originally published on her gardening blog in 2010.