The Phoenix is a mythical creature that is associated with the sun. The Phoenix rises from the ashes to be reborn anew. This story is told across cultures and variants of the Phoenix, all of them are associated with the sun, are identified as follows:
Chinese – Fêng-Huang
Japanese – Ho-oo
Native American – Yel
Russian – Firebird
If you want to learn more about the Phoenix, this bibliography from bestiary.ca has many links and wonderful references to the Phoenix.